构建中国绿色金融体系-Esrablishing China's Green Financial System(En&Ch)
在环境形势日益严峻的背景下,中国的经济发展亟待向绿色、可持续模式转型。据估计“,十三五”期间, 需要每年至少投资2 万亿元(3200 亿美元)在绿色产业上,才能达成国家规划的环境改善目标。同时, 资本必须从高污染、高耗能的产业转移到更具创新性和技术性的产业上。因此,建立系统化的绿色金融 体系将至关重要。 绿色金融工作小组已开发了涵盖4 个领域的14 条建议,将有利于建立一个完善的绿色金融体系, 以促进绿色投资和在污染密集型产业上的路边投资: 机构建设 (一)建立绿色银行体系。建立国家层面的生态发展银行,鼓励成立地方绿色银行。 (二)推动绿色产业基金。通过PPP 模式推动绿色产业基金发展。 (三)绿化开发银行。鼓励对外投资和开发性金融机构制定高标准的环境政策。 财政和金融政策支持 (四)绿色贴息 —— 健全财政对绿色贷款的高效贴息机制。 (五)绿色债券 —— 通过发布行业指引,允许和鼓励银行和企业发行绿色债券,发展绿色债券市场。 (六)绿色IPO ——强化股票市场支持绿色企业的机制。 金融基础设施建设 (七)碳市场 ——加快排放(污)权交易市场建设。 (八)绿色评级 ——为绿色企业(项目)提供更有利的评级,以降低其融资成本。 (九)绿色股票指数 ——推动绿色指数发展创新,引导资本市场更多投入绿色产业。 (十)绿色数据库 ——建立公益性的环境成本核算体系和数据库。 (十一)绿色投资者网络 ——倡议、发起绿色投资者网络,培育机构投资者的绿色投资能力。 绿色金融的法律法规体系建设 (十二)实行绿色保险 ——在重点行业实现强制性的绿色保险。 (十三)明确贷方责任 ——明确银行等贷款机构对所投项目环境影响的法定审查义务,确立银行等 贷款人的环境影响法律责任。 (十四)建立强制披露机制 ——建立上市公司环保信息强制性披露机制。 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the context of growing environmental challenges, China needs to urgently transition toward a green and sustainable growth model. It is estimated that an annual investment of at least 2 trillion yuan (US$320 billion) is needed to achieve national environmental targets during the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan. At the same time capital must shift from high-pollution, energy-intensive heavy sectors into more innovative and technological industries. Establishing a systematic green finance system is crucial to this. The Green Finance Task Force has developed 14 recommendations across 4 areas which would to enable the establishment of a comprehensive green finance system which both stimulates green investment and curbs investment in pollution-intensive industries: SPECIALIZED INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS 1. Green Banks - Sponsor the creation of the China Ecological Development Bank and encourage the creation of local green banks. 2. Green Funds - Promote the development of green industry funds through public-private partnership arrangements. 3. Green the Development Banks - Adopt environmental policies for overseas development institutions. FISCAL AND FINANCIAL POLICY SUPPORT 4. Discounted Green Loans - Improve the system for providing discounted interest rates on green loans 5. Green Bonds - Develop the green bonds market by issuing industry guidelines, permitting and encouraging banks and enterprises to issue green bonds and providing incentives. 6. Green IPO - Improve the mechanism through which environmental performance is communicated and recognized in equity markets. FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE 7. Carbon Markets - Accelerate the formation of markets for emission trading. 8. Green Ratings - Establish a green rating system to bring down the financing costs for green enterprises and projects. 9. Green Stock Indices - Promote the creation and use of green stock indices that orient the capital market to green industry. 10. Green Database - Create a public nonprofit environmental cost analysis system and database. 11. Green Investor Network - Create a green investor network to foster the expertise and capabilities of institutional investors in investing in green industries. LEGAL INFRASTRUCTURE 12. Green Insurance - Implement compulsory green insurance for key industries. 13. Lender Liability - Identify and clarify environmental liabilities of banks. 14. Compulsory


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